Chemotherapy, Biotherapy and Immunotherapy

Nowadays, personalized treatment offers a suitable approach for most patients. Due to questions raised by yourself in several groups, we hereby provide a short explanation about each of these treatments


Chemotherapy treatments It is a systemic method of treatment based on the administration of chemical drugs. The goal of chemotherapy treatment is to stop or slow the growth of cancerous cells by targeting their cell cycle growth. Chemotherapy drugs affect the cancerous cell’s ability to duplicate fast, however, they can also affect healthy cells with a tendency to duplicate fast, hence for example, the temporary hair loss side effect associated with these types of drugs. Different types of chemotherapy drugs work on different stages of the cell’s development, therefore, have different influences and side effects on diverse types of cancer. They can be administered in various ways, the most common being oral and intravenous


Biological treatments It is a treatment based on biological drugs (monoclonal antibodies) which target a specific cell receptor. The biological drug ties itself to the targeted cell area and influences the cell’s behavior and abilities. By blocking the cell ability to develop fast, biologicals, when used in conjunction with chemotherapy drugs, can induce a synergistic anti-cancer effect and cell death. The biological treatment has shown effectiveness and life extending in many different types of cancers, such as: leukemia, lymphomas, breast, colorectal, renal and lung cancers.


Immunotherapy treatments A treatment which naturally strengthens the patient’s immune system to fight the cancer. Immunotherapy drugs work on different mechanisms. Some wake the immune system in an untargeted manner while others train the immune system to specifically attack the cancerous cells. Immunotherapy drugs show different efficacy on different types of cancer. In some cases, they will be the sole treatment while in other cases it will be combined with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or other immunotherapy drugs. Recent breakthroughs in the understanding of cell receptors and the immune system, allows us to effectively use biological and immunotherapy drugs, to treat cancers which were deemed untreatable in the past.
We hope that in the future, further developments will enable more effective and durable treatments. If you feel that you do not understand enough about the treatment you are receiving and you will like more information, we invite you to ask our professionals within the relevant Belong groups.